His Philosophy. Everything has a truth or an essence, your job is to seek this truth. Life is an adventure and journey, not destination. The good teacher will spark you, lead you to the truth with integrity, reason, imagination. Virtue is excellence, or doing your best - reaching your highest potential for good . Nowhere does the contrast seem to be so sharp as in the case of tragedy, by which both philosophers, agreeing in this at least, rightly mean A passage in Plato's Laws (719c) offers a fresh look at Plato's theory of poetry and art. Only here does Plato call poetry both mimêsis imitation, representation, and the product of enthousiasmos inspiration, possession.. The Republic and Sophist examine poetic imitation; the Ion and Phaedrus (with passages in Apology and Meno) develop a theory. Plato attacks poetry on moral, emotional and intellectual grounds and thus throws light on its uselessness and its corrupt influences. His point of view is entirely utilitarian. In the ideal state of Plato, no poetry should be admitted save hymns to the gods and oration on famous men According to Plato, the most important idea is the idea of good. Knowledge o... middle of paperate of Plato's views and would appeal more to life as it is today. He mentions the good life involves things such as having friends, acting justly, and participating in community affairs. These things are too important in our daily lives
Literary Criticism Plato's Views on Poetry. Plato's objection on Poetry. v Introduction:- Plato was a great disciple of Socrates. Being a philosopher, Socrates was deeply worried about the decline in national character and the standard of the social and public life The epics of Homer were very much rooted in every sphere of the society, and the influence of the poets on the society was too deep. Plato being a philosopher, to prove the superiority of the philosophy, he severely attacked poetry. Apart from poetry he criticized every other form of arts. Plato's concepts on art were base son his Theory of Ideas
Plato believed that literature—specifically drama and poetry—were society in Plato's view. On the other hand, Plato's theory of art as imitation of truth had a tremendous influence upon early literary critics and theorists during the Renaissance and 19th century, many of whom often speculated as to the role and function of art. A Critique on the Views of Plato, Aristotle, Stephen Gosson and Sir Philip Sidney on the Art of Poetry -Rendered in the Light of T. S. Eliot and I. A. Richards 123 Poetry's Non-Moral Character: Poetry lacks concern with morality. It treats both virtue and vice alike 2. Exclusion of Poetry from the Ideal City (605c-608b) Summary Poetry has a tremendous power to corrupt because it can make a man enjoy behavior that he would normally be ashamed of Plato attacked poetry on three basic grounds: education, philosophy and moral point of view. Plato believed that poetry is form of mimemis. According to Plato, art deals with imitation of imitation; that is to say, poetry is twice removed from reality. He says that the ideal or perfect reality lies elsewhere, what we see is an imitation of ideal reality and that imitation is not perfect; hence, it is removed from reality
On Poetry: Ion/Republic 376e-398b9; 595-608b10 by Plato. Very interesting question and the answer is rather long and complex, but here are a few ideas to get you started. Plato saw Philosophy to be opposed to Poetry . Anyone who thinks that Plato, in discussing poetry, puts the accent especially on performance (e.g. Ferrari, Burnyeat), is induced to adopt this position Plato on Arts. Among major classical philosophers Plato's views on art seem to be extremely contradictory. Being an artist himself, who wrote decent pieces of literature in his dialogues, and started as a writer and dramatist himself, he used to denounce all main types of art such as drama, literature, fine arts and music, that is to say all that. Plato's objection to Poetry from the point of view of Education: a. In 'The Republic' Book II - He condemns poetry as fostering evil habits and vices in children. Homer's epics were part of studies. Heroes of epics were not examples of sound or ideal morality. They were lusty, cunning, and cruel - war mongers. Even Gods were no. Plato objected to poetry on three grounds, viz., Education, Philosophical and moral view point. 1. Plato's objection to Poetry from the point of view of Education: a. In 'The Republic' Book II - He condemns poetry as fostering evil habits and vices in children. Homer's epics were part of studies
Plato on rhetoric and poetry. Plato's discussions of rhetoric and poetry are both extensive and influential. As in so many other cases, he sets the agenda for the subsequent tradition. And yet understanding his remarks about each of these topics—rhetoric and poetry—presents us with significant philosophical and interpretive challenges xx, 221 pages ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Plato on poetry. The earlier dialogues -- The Republic -- the later dialogues -- Aristotle's theory of literature. The date of the poetics -- Mimesis -- The development of poetry -- The parts of tragedy: plot and action -- The parts of tragedy: character and thought --. The first view can be seen as underlying much of the use which was made of poetry in Greek culture in Plato's times. Recitation and memorization of large parts of the poems of Homer, Hesiod and other poets constituted one main feature, if not the main feature, of traditional education, as it is clear from indications given by Plato himself, by Aristophanes, etc Plato is, paradoxically, both the philosopher who cites, or alludes to, works of poetry more than any other, and the one who is at the same time the harshest critic of poetry. The nineteen essays presented here aim to offer various avenues to this paradox, and to illuminate the ways poetry and the poets are discussed by Plato throughout his writing career, from the Apology and the Ion to the Laws 2. Conclusions: Plato's philosophy as a reaction against the cultural an educational monopoly of the poetry. On the long run, Plato's negative view on poetry is justified, in fact, by his philosophy, the source for the definition of the phenomenon and also for his practical approach to poetry
A general introduction sets Plato's views in the wider context of attitudes to poetry in Greek society before his time, and indicates the main ways in which his writings on poetry have influenced the history of aesthetic thought in European culture Plato is trying to make when he asserts that certain poetry should be kept out of the hands of children.plato's point of view that children Grow to be good, moral individuals. He wants to changes in literature and poetry from something negative to something positive
Plato was of the view that poetry being a false imitation does not have power or scope to deal with high philosophical matters. Aristotle, quite contrary to it, believed that poetry is the more philosophical Renaissance. But Plato's influence expanded beyond the tradition he started: the Courtly Love of the Middle-Ages, the Romanticism of the 19 th century, important characteristics of religious love and even many Freudian ideas are rooted in his theory of love (de Rougemont, 1983). Today, interest in Plato's view of love is bein
Plato's Views on Capital Punishment Abstract Anasfasios ladikos University of Soufh Africa Plalo 's fheory of punishmenf distinguishes scienlifically adminislered measures, which mayor may nol lake Ihe farm of aefual punishment designed la cure a criminalof his offence which is a disease of fhe soul nol same/hing which is a The ascent through philosophy to the vision of Beauty in itself in Plato's Symposium affirms the perception of beauty or nobility as the ultimate end and value of all knowledge. Marsilio Ficino's adaption of Plato in the Renaissance articulates a more metaphysical ascent which broadens the objects of knowledge in order to include the cosmos and the arts as well as philosophy In Plato's view, poetry presents a copy of nature as it is. According to Aristotle, poetry may imitate men as they are, or better or worse. Poetry is not concerned so much with what is but with what ought to be. Poetry gives us an idealised version of reality. Thus the two differ widely in their views on poetic truth Plato has quite a negative view of the body, arguing that it distracts the soul from reaching the world of the forms; the body is the source of endless trouble to us He suggests that it is only philosophers who can obtain knowledge form the world of the forms as it is only them who can ignore the distractions of the bod
According to Plato, art imitated the real world, and truth was an intellectual abstraction. He believed that the world, like we see it, is not the real world. Aristotle's idea was a complete contrast to Plato's. He believed that the world is for real, which can be observed and scrutinized by the human eye In addition to Plato's view of the divine triad and the Logos, his belief in the immortal soul also influenced how post-Biblical generations viewed Christ. Plato reasoned that all souls were eternal and literally preexisted before being born,  that is, before being incarnated. [12 Plato objects to poetry on the ground of its irrationality and inadequacy to represent the truth of the idea. Aristotle does not see imitation as impairment of rational faculty, so he does not find any fault in poetry, which imitate men in action. Poets for Aristotle take the form from nature and reshapes it in a different matter or medium In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) but also habituation to healthy emotional responses and therefore harmony between the three parts of the soul (according to Plato, reason, spirit, and appetite) Plato's mother's family boasted of a relationship with the famous Athenian lawmaker and lyric poet Solon. Plato himself was the fourth kid in 6. Name • According to history, the philosopher was named Aristocles after his grandfather, but his wrestling coach dubbed him Platon, meaning broad, on account of his robust figure
Platonic criticism, literary criticism based on the philosophical writings of Plato, especially his views on art expressed in Phaedrus, Ion, and the Republic. In practice Platonic criticism is part of an extensive approach to literature, involving an examination of the moral, ethical, and historical effects of a work of art . On the level of ergon, or action, Socrates will perform just the sort of taming of a spirited nature (Glaucon) as the education of the guardians requires. Finally, on the level of logos, or rational discussion, Plato will la
David Daiches summarizes Aristotle's views in reply to Plato's charges in brief: Tragedy (Art) gives new knowledge, yields aesthetic satisfaction and produces a better state of mind. Plato judges poetry now from the educational standpoint, now from the philosophical one and then from the ethical one Denny argues that, Plato believes in the absolute reality, and that poets depict things as what they are, so the poetry according to him distort the reality (10). On the other hand, Aristotle argues that, poetry takes us closer to reality because it teaches and warn us, and show us the result and the consequences of bad deeds (Denny, 10) Plato (Plátōn, broad; 424/423 BC - 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece. He was also a mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world Socrates argued that poetry lacked wisdom because there was no censorship of works of poetry. As a result, poets can write about anything they wish to inscribe, which enhances imitation. On this note, Socrates argued that poetry exposed citizens to different forms of imitation, which would corrupt their minds because they had no restrictions In The Republic of Plato, Plato, in addition to sharing his views on justice, shares his views on democracy using a fictionalized Socrates to outline the most pressing issues. Plato's views on democracy are negative; he believes democracy to be bred from a response to inequality of wealth and to heighten all of humanities worst traits
Plato's most famous work, The Republic, which was his vision of a utopian society, was written during this period. The third period of Plato's writings mainly discusses the role of arts, along with morality and ethics. Plato challenges himself and his ideas in this period , exploring his own conclusions with self-debate Sophie proceeds with the letter, titled, PLATO'S ACADEMY. Plato, the letter explains, published Socrates ' ideas after Socrates died. His writings are re-workings of Socrates' dialogues with his students. Plato concentrated on what he deemed Socrates' most important idea—the fixed nature of right, wrong, and reality . The treatise pursues several aims, one of which, and the most general, is to classify the works that can be labeled poetical composition and their parts. Another, more specific, aim is to vindicate poetry in the face of the criticism leveled at it by Plato Plato's View on Mimesis Plato wrote about poetry and mimesis in multiple texts and was generally disparaging towards the art form. He saw poetry, along with other mimetic forms such as theatre, as a representation of nature that was inherently inferior to the original
When Plato's and Aristotle's views on poetry are juxtaposed, it is usually for the purpose of contrast. Nowhere does the contrast seem to be so sharp as in the case of tragedy, by which both philosophers, agreeing in this at least, rightly meant Homer's Iliad as well as the plays of the Attic genre specifically given the name The Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, But no other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; a manlier strain of poetry, and greater harmony of the individual and the State
Plato's Scheme of Education: Plato was of the opinion that education must begin at an early age. In order to make sure that children study well, Plato insisted that children be brought up in a hale and healthy environment and that the atmosphere implant ideas of truth and goodness A summary of Part X (Section10) in Plato's The Republic. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Republic and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans This is a commentary on selected texts of Plato concerned with poetry: the Ion and relevant sections of the Republic. It is the first commentary to present these texts together in one volume, and the first in English on Republic 2 and 3 and Ion for nearly 100 years. The introduction sets Plato's views in their Greek context and outlines their influence on later aesthetic thought
The Phaedrus, written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato's protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. The Phaedrus was presumably composed around 370 BCE, about the same time as Plato's Republic and Symposium. Although ostensibly about the topic of love, the discussion in the dialogue revolves around the art of rhetoric and how it should be practiced, and dwells on subjects as diverse as metempsychosis and erotic love Plato's Republic Important introductory issues in Socrates/Plato and the program of education in the Republic: 1. Socrates was concerned about the clear and distinct definitions of terms and concepts such as justice, virtue, piety, and courage. 2. He defended the thesis that virtue is knowledge. In other words. Plato's Philosophy of Education When examined in more details, Plato's philosophy can be found to have great relevance to contemporary education. He was, for instance, disturbed by the Athenian carefree attitude towards education, especially by the absence of special training for the rulers of the state. He considered th Plato's attack on poetry is most visible in books III and X of The Republic, and is two pronged. 1. Metaphysical: Poetry is a lie, and a poor one at that. 2. Ethical: Poetry is a threat to the ideal state he is planning to erect. Metaphysical st..
Plato also exploits the power of mimetic poetry by using Socrates and the participants as his mouthpieces. Interestingly, Plato imitates undesirable individuals as well as good (an imitation that Socrates condemns); however, in keeping with Socratic poetry, the dialogue has an interminably good message and teaches men how to be virtuous philosophers both in life and beyond Plato's views on the mind body distinction have been the target of many criticisms since his time. In the republic, he formulated ideas on the allegory of the cave and the theory of the forms. He believed that our existence on earth was merely a shadow of a higher spiritual plane, our bodies just a vessel, or even looked upon as a cage trapping the soul and restricting it from this higher plain Classical definitions Plato. Both Plato and Aristotle saw in mimesis the representation of nature, including human nature, as reflected in the dramas of the period.Plato wrote about mimesis in both Ion and The Republic (Books II, III, and X). In Ion, he states that poetry is the art of divine madness, or inspiration.Because the poet is subject to this divine madness, instead of possessing 'art.
Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893) was an Anglican clergyman and educator. His translations of Plato's Dialogues appeared in 1871. The translations from poetry come from Jowett's translations of both Plato and Plato's quotations from others. The numbers in brackets following quotations refer to book numbers The view of the artist as inspired revealer of ideal essences fits well with the spirit of Plato's Symposium, a dialogue full of speeches in praise of Love, in which Socrates gives a compelling picture of the ascent from sexual love, to the aesthetic appreciation of beautiful bodies, to the love of beautiful souls, and finally to the the contemplation of the ideal Form of Beauty itself Plato's view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples' task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato's Republic is the guardian's responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good
Plato's theory of communism is just opposite to Marxian theory of communism that seeks to eventually establish a classless and hence stateless society, as according to it the state is instrument. poetry with history in chapter 9. Poetry, according to Aristotle, is a representation of the ideal. Biography and history represent individual characters and actual facts; poetry, on the contrary, generalizing from the phenomena of nature and life, supplies us with pictures 2 J. Vrin, Paris, 1975, pp. 43-54. 3 ch.4, 1448b16-19 Plato objected that poetry plays on the emotions and thus undermines the highest part of our soul, the part that should at all times be in control—Reason. Aristotle cunningly showed, using the notion of catharsis, that while poetry does indeed play on the emotions, it does so in a way that enhances our reasoning Plato: The Republic Since the mid-nineteenth century, the Republic has been Plato's most famous and widely read dialogue. As in most other Platonic dialogues the main character is Socrates. It is generally accepted that the Republic belongs to the dialogues of Plato's middle period. In Plato's early dialogues, Socrates refutes the accounts of his interlocutors and the discussion ends.
These two points of view are really opposed, and the opposition is only veiled by the genius of Plato. The Republic, like the Phaedrus (see Introduction to Phaedrus), is an imperfect whole; the higher light of philosophy breaks through the regularity of the Hellenic temple, which at last fades away into the heavens Plato's education of music, gymnastics, mathematics and dialectics in the Republic helps to ensure that these three components of the soul are in harmony with each other. If the appetitive component is too strong, we would have an unhealthy soul with too much greed and lust Socrates and Plato on Poetry. Nicholas D. Smith In this paper, I contrast the attitudes towards poetry given to Socrates in . Plato's early dialogues with the sharply critical views he expresses in Plato's . Republic.holars noticing such differences have generally explained them by S What is Imitative Poetry and Why is it Bad?1 Penultimate Draft - final version in The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic, ed. G.R.F. Ferrari, 2007 Jessica Moss Plato's argument against poetry in Republic 10 is perplexing.He condemns not all poetry, but only however much of it is imitative (hosê mimêtikê) (595a).A metaphysical charge agains Plato's Republic Plato's Republic THE REPUBLIC by Plato (360 B.C.) other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, a manlier strain of poetry, and greater harmony of the individual page 5 / 687
In this essay I take up Plato's critique of poetry, which has little to do with epistemology and representational imitation, but rather the powerful effects that poeticperformances can have on audiences, enthralling them with vivid image-worlds and blocking the powers of critical reflection lives. Poetry has evolved over the course of time. In a contemporary sense, poetry is viewed as something a person participates in through reading while they are alone, as opposed to a primitive view of poetry being theatrical. In any case it achieves its goal o Translation of Essay 4 of Proclus' Commentary on Plato's dialogue, The Republic, by Juan and Maria Balboa. Interlinear Greek and English with key words in color, and additional diagrams and quotes, and commentary supplied by the translators. Click 'PDF' in the Download Options menu on this page. Originally published: 3 April 202 4. There is a complete Ban on art and poetry, as they appeal to baser instincts. Nothing goes to the youth without the approval and supervision of rulers. He was against poetry because he believed that poetry deals with unreal. 5. Society was divided into three classes - ruler, soldiers, and peasants - all performing their function most dutifully